Description : Fatehpur Sikri the city of victory, lies 37 kms from Agra. In honour of saint Shaikh Salim Chisti, the Mughal emperor, Akbar the great, founded a magnificent city on Sikri ridge. Between 1570 and 1586 Fatehpur Sikri was the capital of the Mughal-empire. The Mughals experienced their hey-day, and their leader Akbar wanted to construct a dreamcity where he and his large harem could live a glorious life. In 1571 he ordered the construction of buildings for his own use and asked the noblemen to build houses for themselves. Within a year, most of the work was finished and within the next few years, a well planned city with administrative, residential and religious buildings came into existence.
The Jami Mosque was perhaps among the first buildings to come up. Its epigraph gives AH 979 (AD 1571-72) as the date of its completion. The Baland-Darwaza was added some five years later.
Fatehpur Sikri remained the capital of the Mughal Empire for less than 15 years. Also referred to as the ‘deserted city’, Fatehpur Sikri is now the complex of monuments including Jama Masjid, one the biggest mosques in India. In addition to Jama Masjid, other important buildings are the tomb of Shaikh Salim Chishti, the Naubat-or Naqqar Khana (drum-house), Taksal (mint), Karkhanas (royal workshop), Khazana (treasury), Hakim's quarters, Diwan-i-Am (hall of public audience), house of Maryam also called SUnahra Makan (Golden House), palace of Jodh Bai, Birbal's house, etc.
However, because of unknown reasons (lack of water? a large war somewhere else in the empire?) Akbar and his followers left the city suddenly.
What is remaining now is a very well preserved ghost town, that gives insight in the architectural style from its period in history. The city has a mosque, several palaces, a caravanserai and broad streets and squares. The buildings are made of red sandstone.